Western Australia is a state in the western part of Australia that is bordered by the Southern Ocean and the Great Australian Bight to the south, the Indian Ocean to the west and north, South Australia to the south-east and the Northern Territory to the north-east.
Western Australia is the largest state in the country and is widely referred to using its initials, WA. The entire landmass of the state covers approximately 2.5 million square kilometres.
However, most of this region is sparsely populated with most people living in the south-west part of the state. WA has a population of roughly 2.7 million residents.
The known history of WA dates back to 1616 when a Dutch explorer called Dirk Hartog first visited the region.
Later on, in the early 1800s, the first European settlers arrived in WA on behalf of the New South Wales colonial rulers. WA was officially recognised as a colonial territory under the British government in 1827.
WA officially gained independence in 1901 together with other British territories in Australia. Today, the state’s main economic activities are tourism, agriculture, and mining. WA is currently the 2nd largest producer of iron ore in the world.
WA has a fairly good climate with the southwest part of the state having a Mediterranean type climate. Originally, most of the land area that the state occupies today was heavily forested.
Deforestation over the years has led to many forests in the state becoming extinct. However, there is still a considerable land area that is covered by indigenous trees like the Karri.
WA is one of the most bio-diverse regions in Australia with lots of plant and animal species to boast of. The region is also home to a wide variety of marine life and some of the most beautiful coral reefs in the world.
WA is known for its unique collection of bird species that are estimated to be in the range of 500 to 600. Most of these bird species are native to the state.
Tourists flock to this part of the country to get a first-hand look at some of the magnificent bird species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world, attracting visitors come from all over the world.
The main countries that tourists come from include New Zealand, Singapore, China, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Tourism is the main economic activity of the state and takes place all year round.
Western Australia is also famous because of the rich and diverse culture of its people. WA is known for its wine-making regions that are situated in the south-west part of the state.
You can expect to find numerous high-end vineyards and some of the best wine in Australia when you visit WA.
Some of the popular wine-producing regions in WA include Geographe, Perth Hills, Chittering Valley, Peel, Pemberton, Manjimup, Blackwood Valley, Swan Valley, The Great Southern, and the Margaret River region.
Touring and Camping
Western Australia is also known for its many touring routes and camping sites. The state occupies a very wide area that is mostly arid and uninhabited. This provides the perfect terrain for touring, exploration and camping.
People come from far and wide to have the Western Australia touring and camping experience. The state has a good infrastructure network that facilitates the easy movement of vehicles and transport.
Some of the famous touring and camping sites in the state include the Bungle Bungle sandstone domes and the Kimberley region which is home to some fascinating ancient Aboriginal rock art.
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